International Human Rights Law, 2018
Human rights are inherent in all human beings, whatever their nationality, place of residence, gender, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language or other status. We have every right to our human rights on an equal and non-discriminatory basis. All these rights are interdependent, mutually reinforcing and indivisible.
International human rights law
International human rights law establishes obligations for States to respect, act in certain ways or refrain from certain acts in order to promote and protect the human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
The development of a comprehensive set of human rights laws is one of the great achievements of the United Nations, a comprehensive and internationally protected code that all States can participate. The United Nations has defined a wide range of internationally recognized rights, including civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. It has also established mechanisms to promote and protect those rights and to assist States in discharging their responsibilities.
In 1945 and 1948, the General Assembly adopted the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the basis of this set of laws. Since then, the United Nations has gradually expanded human rights law to include specific standards for women, children, persons with disabilities, minorities and other vulnerable groups who have the rights to protect them against discrimination, which has been common in many societies